NICD information on Mpox | Content on National DoH website

  • Symptoms of Mpox include fever, headache, muscle ache, low energy, swollen lymph nodes followed by a rash which may last for 2-3 weeks.
  • Anyone can get Mpox irrespective of race, gender and sexual orientation.
  • If suspecting Mpox like symptoms visit your nearest clinic for checkup.
  • Isolate, avoid gatherings and stay at home once diagnosed with Mpox and adhere to treatment and good hand hygiene practices.
  • People wo are at high risk of getting Mpox are those with chronic diseases (TB, STI's, HIV/AIDS, & NCD's), including pregnant women and children.
  • People who are on chronic medication must adhere to their treatment to reduce the risk of infection
  • Mpox in pregnancy may lead to miscarriage and premature labour and even foetal death during and after birth.
  • Mpox can be passed to a foetus during pregnancy or to the new baby by contact with the Mpox rash or soars during or after birth.
  • If you have confirmed or suspected Mpox and you are breastfeeding, talk to your health care provider for advice to reduce the risk of transmission.
  • Knowing your health status and adhering to treatment will reduce risk of getting Mpox
  • Mpox is preventable and treatable; go to your nearest clinic to test for STIs and HIV
  • Practice safer sex and abstain from sexual contact if you have Mpox like symptoms.
  • Abstain from sex because condom alone may not prevent all exposures to Mpox
  • Avoid sex, kissing and being intimate with anyone if you have Mpox like symptoms
  • If you have been exposed to Mpox inform anyone you have been physically or sexually in contact with recently.
  • Mpox is spread directly or indirectly with infected person or contaminated surfaces/materials
  • Avoid contact with an infected person, and items or objects used by someone with Mpox
  • Clean your surfaces continuously with clean water and soap or alcohol base sanitiser to prevent infection and transmission.
  • Wash your hands with soap and clean water or hand sanitizer regularly
  • Maintain healthy lifestyle by engaging in regular physical activity and health screening, practise safer sex, avoid substance, excessive alcohol drinking and reduce salt and sugar intake.
  • The Myths and Facts

    Myth: Mpox is incurable and unpreventable because there is no vaccine and treatment.
    Fact:It is preventable and treatable disease, treatment for both mild and severe cases is available.

    Myth: Always stay home if you're sick with suspected mpox symptoms.
    Fact Visit your nearest healthcare facility right away for clinical evaluation, diagnosis, testing and treatment options.

    Myth: Mpox is a sexually transmitted disease?
    Fact Sexual contact is not the only way of transmission. The virus spreads through close & prolonged physical contact with someone who tested positive for mpox, touching contaminated objects and surfaces or through respiratory droplets.

    Myth: Government will introduce lockdown if mpox cases increase.
    Fact: The World Health Organization has not recommended any travel restrictions. However, it is important for travellers to and from endemic countries to alert health officials on the situation to enable them to provide guidance for case detection and management for mpox. Cases do not warrant lockdown, trade or travel restrictions.

    Myth: Mpox was created in a laboratory.
    Fact: Mpox is a zoonotic disease, meaning it can be transmitted from animals to humans. Nobody really knows which animals acts as the reservoir for mpox or how it was first transmitted to a human.

    Myth: Mpox is a new disease
    Fact: Mpox virus was first identified in 1958 in monkeys (hence it was called monkeypox. The first human cases were documented in the 1970s.

    Myth: Mpox is a deadly disease like COVID-19
    Fact: Mpox is much less contagious than COVID-19. It is not a respiratory virus, unlike COVID-19.

    Myth: Mpox spreads through the air, just like SARS-CoV-2.
    No, unlike the virus that causes COVID-19, mpox primarily spreads through prolonged close contact with someone who tested positive or touching contaminated objects and surfaces. The virus doesn't spread easily long distance through the air.

    Myth: Only members of LGBTI community are vulnerable to Mpox.
    Fact: Anyone can contract Mpox regardless of age, gender, sexual orientation and race.

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This page last edited on 03 July, 2024

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